Valium is the brand name of diazepam, a pretty widely prescribed benzodiazepine for treating muscle pain, panic disorder, depression, and other medical conditions. Valium is used in some circumstances to treat people with alcohol withdrawal. The medication functions as a muscle relaxant in the body once it is swallowed, calming the central nervous system (CNS) and relaxing the brain.
Valium is a medication widely used for the relief of anxiety, panic attacks, and seizures. Since symptoms of stress and anxiety have become more prevalent in recent years, U.S. levels of Valium use have steadily risen. While this medication helps people find relief from a variety of medical problems, it is essential to keep in mind that if misused or over extended periods, it can quickly become addictive.
Although Valium's medical benefits are beneficial to so many, it can lead to addiction and dependence by taking this medication for extended periods. This is because of how the body and mind are affected by Valium. Valium acts on receptors of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which inhibit or decrease nerve cell or neuron activity. Valium stimulates these receptors when swallowed, causing feelings of relaxation, sedation, and well-being.
Such effects make Valium consumption in the short term pleasurable, but in the long run, risky. Over time, the capacity of the brain to generate neurotransmitters that generally bind to GABA receptors can be impaired by regularly drinking Valium. Once a person is dependent on Valium, after stopping taking the medication, they can experience physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms. Some of these include the worsening of the initial symptoms of anxiety, insomnia, vomiting, and irritability. In severe cases, signs of withdrawal may include high blood pressure, stress of the body, hallucinations, and seizures of considerable illness.
Although Valium may be prescribed to serve as a depressant and to calm down the central nervous system, it has the potential to be highly addictive. As the body becomes used to the medication, the level of tolerance can increase in as little as 3–4 weeks.